Obsessive compulsive disorder - OCD treatment and therapy from NOCD

Intrusive Thoughts: More Than Just Words (And How To Treat Them)

5 min read
April Kilduff, MA, LCPC

You hear an awful lot about “intrusive thoughts” as one of the key components of obsessive-compulsive disorder (it’s the “obsessive” part). But did you know that intrusive thoughts can show up in many ways beyond just words in your mind? They can take the form of unwanted memories, unexpected sensations, intrusive dreams, disturbing images, and unintentional urges. Let’s take a look at each along with real-world examples. 

unwanted thoughts, images, sensations. Intrusive
Intrusive thoughts are more than just words. They are images, thoughts, sensations, urges, dreams, and memories.

OCD and Unwanted Intrusive Thoughts

This is what you are most used to thinking of when it comes to intrusive thoughts, simple statements that come to mind in basic sentences or even just highly charged words. 


  • “I’m contaminated after touching that public bathroom door with my bare hand!” 
  • “I’m an awful mom” because you aren’t 100% interested in playtime with your child
  • Slurs about other races

OCD and Unwanted Intrusive Memories

Real events can be part of OCD, in addition to imaginary scenarios the disorder dreams up for you. This is a particularly sneaky trick that OCD tries to play, because if it can root itself in something that actually happened. The real-life basis of an idea makes it seem like a more real problem for you to pay attention to (Hint: It’s not).


  • Remembering all the times you babysat kids and gave them baths but not being 100% certain you didn’t touch them inappropriately
  • Trying to gain perfect certainty about the details of a college sexual assault that took place while you were blacked out
  • Recalling over and over the time you made a social blunder in elementary school

OCD and Unwanted Intrusive Images

If you are a more visual thinker, your intrusive thoughts may appear as extremely vivid static images or mini-movies playing on the screen of your mind.


OCD And Unwanted Intrusive Urges/Impulses

Sometimes intrusive thoughts aren’t verbal or visual but more physical. You may feel an urge to do something or act out in some way that is inconsistent with who you are as a person and the values you hold.


OCD and Unwanted Intrusive Sensations

Perhaps you have noticed a sensation somewhere in your body that gave you pause, something that felt out of context or caused you to worry about what it meant that you felt it.


OCD and Unwanted Intrusive Ideas

These intrusive thoughts tend to show up as those pesky “What if?” questions that our brains just love to dream up and pitch to us at any given moment. 


Different Types of Thoughts, Same Type of Treatment

Your intrusive thoughts may show up in just one form or in a mishmash of various different forms. Either way, you can achieve relief! It just requires the right approach. Exposure and response prevention (ERP), a unique, behavioral type of therapy, is considered the gold standard of treatment when it comes to OCD. 

A therapist trained to use ERP for OCD, such as all the therapists at NOCD, will review your intrusive thoughts with you to better learn how they show up for you, then tweak the tools and interventions so that they fit the way you think. 

For example, if your intrusive thoughts show up as actual verbal thoughts, then you will likely work with words during your exposure and response prevention—perhaps writing out the thought in big capital letters while you practice sitting with it & monitoring changes in your anxiety levels.You would continue to do this until those thoughts no longer bothered you or triggered any uncomfortable experiences. If your intrusive thoughts show up as visuals, you might look up similar images via Google Images or find video clips on YouTube (or perhaps draw them out if you have artistic talent). You would keep doing this until those visuals were no longer triggering for you. Exposures can also be developed to help trigger urges or old memories, with the purposeful plan of preventing unhelpful responses, i.e. compulsions

The brain is a very creative machine, leading to some creative expressions of OCD. When you can, try to appreciate the creative aspect involved—people with OCD are some of the most creative people I have met!

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