How Long Does ERP Therapy Take?
Therapy is an incredibly individual experience, which means it’s hard to make universal statements that apply to every single person undergoing therapy. While you might have some similarities in your therapy journey versus someone else’s, for the most part it’s going to depend on your unique background, your provider and your therapy process.
The same is true for those with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) going through exposure and response prevention therapy, or ERP, the most effective form of cognitive behavioral therapy for OCD. Some people experience benefits and changes in a matter of weeks after starting ERP. For others, it can take months to really see impact. Neither is better or worse; it’s just a matter of individual experience, patient need and severity of symptoms.
However, if you’re looking to get a better understanding of how ERP works and how long you can expect to be in ERP therapy, here’s what you need to know.
What is ERP therapy?
ERP was specifically developed in order to treat OCD, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and phobias. This type of therapy was invented with the purpose of helping people identify and cope with triggers to gain more control and freedom in their lives. During ERP, those with OCD are exposed to potentially triggering situations to provoke their obsessive thoughts and work on stopping their compulsive responses in a safe and controlled environment.
It can be an uncomfortable process at first, but ERP is the gold standard of OCD treatment for a reason. Based on research, it’s proven to be the most effective behavioral treatment for OCD. In studies conducted across the world, a majority of patients with OCD saw clear improvements in their symptoms across the board, meaning that ERP is proven to help people gain more control over their compulsions. However, treatment may take some time.
How long can I expect to be in ERP therapy?
The truth is that the length of ERP therapy, like all therapy, can greatly vary from person to person. It depends highly on the severity of your symptoms, as well as on the subtype of OCD that you might be experiencing. On average, people need somewhere between 12 to 20 sessions of ERP to start seeing marked improvements, but that number still varies depending on a multitude of factors.
Will ERP cure my OCD?
Many psychologists don’t use the word “cure” because there is not currently a guaranteed cure for OCD, but there are many effective treatments that have been scientifically proven to drastically improve the lives of those with OCD — and ERP is the best of these treatments. Some people go through one round of ERP and experience very few OCD symptoms afterward. Others may have to complete multiple rounds of ERP therapy before they see true improvement.
In some cases, it’s possible that ERP therapy may be a lifelong commitment. As time goes on, however, most people with OCD find that managing their symptoms gets easier with proper care and management techniques. Eventually, OCD symptoms may even become “background noise.” The intrusive thoughts or compulsions may still pop up every now and then, but people who have gone through — or are still going through — ERP therapy tend to be able to control their reactions to triggers by ignoring this background noise.
Is ERP therapy worth it?
Without a concrete timeline or outcome of your ERP therapy, some people with OCD may wonder whether or not ERP is worth the time and effort they might have to put into it. The short answer is yes, absolutely.
However, the reasoning is a little more complicated. Like most things, it can take some time to dive into ERP and start seeing the results of all of your hard work. However, once you start employing the tools and techniques you learn in therapy, it can be life-changing.
Remember, ERP therapy allows those with OCD to learn methods and practices that they can bring into their day-to-day lives to decrease the impact of their compulsions. Even if it doesn’t work for someone right away, it’s important that people give themselves time to practice, learn and implement response prevention. It requires a trained specialist who studied to learn the techniques and treatments to help those with OCD improve their lives — so it’s understandable that people starting ERP therapy won’t typically be able to understand all the methods and pick it all up in one session.
Be patient with your progress
If you or someone you’re close to is working through ERP therapy, try to remind yourself to be patient. It’s a process, just like anything else. If you wanted to be a bodybuilder, you wouldn’t go to the gym one day a week, pick up one weight and call it a day. You would put in the time to slowly increase your muscle mass with regular workouts over time. It’s the same with ERP therapy. The time it takes may vary from person to person, but it’s worth it. Over time, you’ll begin to see improvements so you can start living your life with more freedom from compulsions.
ERP is most effective when the therapist conducting the treatment has experience with OCD and training in ERP. At NOCD, all therapists specialize in OCD and receive ERP-specific training. Make that call and speak with the NOCD clinical team to learn more about how a licensed therapist can help. schedule a free call today for more information on how NOCD can help.
Keara E. Valentine, Psy.D., is a postdoctoral fellow at Stanford University School of Medicine in the OCD and Related Disorders Track, where she specializes in the assessment and treatment of OCD and related disorders. Dr. Valentine utilizes behavioral-based therapies including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) with children, adolescents, and adults experiencing anxiety-related disorders.
- ERP Therapy
- Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
- OCD Medication
- OCD Treatment
NOCD Therapists specialize in treating OCDView all therapists
Licensed Therapist, MA
I started as a therapist over 14 years ago, working in different mental health environments. Many people with OCD that weren't being treated for it crossed my path and weren't getting better. I decided that I wanted to help people with OCD, so I became an OCD therapist, and eventually, a clinical supervisor. I treated people using Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) and saw people get better day in and day out. I continue to use ERP because nothing is more effective in treating OCD.
Licensed Therapist, LCMHC
When I started treating OCD, I quickly realized how much this type of work means to me because I had to learn how to be okay with discomfort and uncertainty myself. I’ve been practicing as a licensed therapist since 2016. My graduate work is in mental health counseling, and I use Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) therapy because it’s the gold standard of OCD treatment.
Licensed Therapy, LMHC
I've been a licensed counselor since 2013, having run my private practice with a steady influx of OCD cases for several years. Out of all the approaches to OCD treatment that I've used, I find Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) therapy to be the most effective. ERP goes beyond other methods and tackles the problem head-on. By using ERP in our sessions, you can look forward to better days ahead.